Writing reviews is a useful skill for anyone who loves and knows how to express their opinions.
Training in the development of this skill, a person gradually becomes an expert in a particular area. In the future, his opinion will be more and more authoritative, they will listen to him.
He will help the author to release his scientific or artistic offspring into the light, acquaint him with the reader and audience. Sometimes one review decides the fate of the whole work.
A review is a small genre of journalism or literary criticism containing an expert assessment of an artistic or scientific work.
The name of the term comes from the Latin recensio – “consideration, review”.
The person who writes reviews is called a reviewer. He should be able to highlight the main thing in the work (play, book, scientific work) and tell about it in such a way that others also want to get to know him.
Reviews are positive and negative. If the work is not liked by the reviewer, he highlights his shortcomings, sometimes in a polite, and sometimes in caustic-parody form, pointing them out to the author of the work in question and to the reader.
After a devastating review written by a reputable critic, a production director or a writer, it is difficult to expect success. But sometimes the principle of the so-called “black PR” works: the more the work is criticized, the better it is to be read and viewed.
In the literature, a review is a small-volume literary-critical essay, which gives a brief analytical analysis of the work.
The reviewer is forced to fit into the narrow boundaries of the genre, he focuses on the most interesting and important, attracts memorable author quotes.
To write one small review, sometimes you need to read a huge volume of 500,000 lines, so the reviewer’s work is not as simple as it seems.
Depending on the scope of use, the following types of professional reviews are distinguished:
- film reviews;
- reviews of theatrical productions;
The first three types describe the reviewer’s impressions of works of art, therefore, there is a large proportion of emotionality in them, some subjectivity of evaluation is permissible.
But approaches to scientific texts are different: they must be objective, unemotional, clearly structured.
If we talk about the review of literary works, then it is traditionally divided into three types:
- Professional (the work is reviewed by a graduate of literary critic, philologist, art historian);
- Readership (it is not professional, somewhere naive, but it is very important for the author who wants to hear the reader’s feedback);
To start writing a review, you need to carefully read and carefully analyze the text, form your own opinion about what you read, compare it with other works from your reading baggage.
Only after that your thoughts should be entrusted to a paper or a laptop. To forget nothing, it is better to stick to the plan.
It looks like this:
- The imprint of the book: the author and title of the work, the year of publication, the publishing house (the last two points are optional).
- The main idea of the book. What is it about?
- Brief information about the heroes. Who are they? What happens to them?
- Problems and poetics. What tasks does the author set for the characters? What artistic means are used to reveal their characters and peripeteia of the plot? What images do you remember most?
- Do you recommend reading this book and to whom?
- What not to do in the genre:
Retell the plot of the work
To spoil (Intrigue, but leave the most delicious to the reader).
Insult the author of the work or give a “authoritative” assessment to the writer who is higher than you in status and talent.
Giving detailed comments from the personal life (“The heroine of the novel acts just like me when my mother, brother, grandmother and sister twitch me in all directions: she begins to hysteria …”).